21 Dec how does religion affect health
Pargament, I., Koenig, H.G., Tarakeshwar, N. & Hahn, J. Contextually, Islam, and indeed all other religions, identify compassion and mercy as fundamental parts of doctrine, and can be used to re-frame discussions and actions on health that are compatible with religion. Oman, D. & Thorensen, C.E. The study puts forth a new theoretical model: Religion provides a set of rules and beliefs guiding behavior, while spirituality offers methods for managing emotions internally and regulating the experience and expression of those emotions. Without spirituality does critical health psychology risk fostering cultural iatrogenesis?. The Connections Betweens Our Beliefs and Our Overall Health In a nutshell, being religious is strongly associated with better overall mental health and well-being. A 2016 report from the think tank Theos (www.theosthinktank.co.uk) considers the relationship between 'religion' and 'well-being'.Starting with what can be meant by these terms, the Theos researchers assess the evidence and tease out some of the reasons for it.. Religious struggle as a predictor of mortality among medically ill elderly patients: A 2-year longitudinal study. (2003). Both seem to cover the women and avoid unwanted attention. Affiliation to some religions 6 and valuing religion does not tend to result in healing experience of religion, 7 rather it’s religious activity, 8 involvement 9, or attendance that appear to aid individuals on their journey to recovery. The birth, enlightenment, and death of Buddha are the three most commonly recognized festivals for feasting, resting from work, or fasting. This, in turn, emphasizes the fact that there are multiple interpretations of how spirituality/religion influences health and a number of pathways through which this happens. socioeconomic status or gender). Miller and Thorensen (2003) summarize two approaches that could be applied to the research on spirituality/religion and health: the unique variance approach and the causal modeling approach. Now, if this experience occurs in a church service, does it produce even greater well-being and happiness? The focus has been on trait similarity (i.e.  These serious illnesses, which have the greatest mortality rate of any psychological disorder, are characterized... Research shows conflicting results when relaying how personality traits play into successful and satisfying romantic relationships. Yet, it is associated with poor mental and behavioral health as well as lower wellbeing and negative relational strategies. The American Journal of Sociology, 97, 1052-1079. Idler, E.L. & Kasl, S.V. Acta Psychologica Scandinavica: Supplementum, 160, 158-162. People are still... Shame is an adaptive emotion. Religiosity is associated with affective and immune status in symnptomatic HIV-infected gay men. There is increasing recognition within contemporary western medicine of the significant links between spirituality/religion and health, and the need for health professionals to understand their patients’ spiritual/religious beliefs and practices. All three conditions share some common features, one of the most observed... Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious public health issue that results in social, psychological, emotional, and physical consequences. (1992). match them for age, gender, SES etc.). Most do not eat meat and abstain from all beef products. Trial of relaxation reducing coronary risk: Four year follow up. (2001). These negative thoughts associated with religion can be linked to higher rates of depression and lower quality of life. Here is a collection of guidance for providers of health and spiritual care, for working effectively and sensitively with persons of various religious beliefs. 5.Religion also sometimes forbids the practice of birth control or preventive practices of immunization. American Psychologist, 58, 24-35. The newsletter highlights recent selections from the journal and useful tips from our blog. Demography, 36, 273-285. & Patel, M. (1985). Psychosomatic Medicine, 63, 523-530. Infante, J.R., Peran, F., Martinez, M., Roldan, A., Poyatos, R. Ruiz, C., Garrido, S. & Garrido, F. (1998). Whether and how religion and spirituality training are critical components of students’ and clinicians’ development of cultural humility is explored in this month's issue. Conceptualising spirituality and religion for healthcare. (1998). Religion, disability, depression and the timing of death. There was always some type of religion connected to our kind. It is probably better to ask someone how much they earn, or about their health history, then to ask them to what religion they practice. Available: http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/a?id=367. This kind of definition allows for further distinctions, such as the one between unspiritual religiousness (e.g., observing some practices for the social benefits), or unreligious spirituality (e.g., mystical experiences of individuals without a religious context). For Ethipoia, health issues represent a major challenge. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 17, 2803-2810. How Do Spirituality and Religion Influence Health? (2003). & Cohen, R.D (2002). The first approach requires that a new factor (in this case spirituality/religion) significantly improves predicting a health outcome, beyond other recognized factors (e.g., family history, gender, socioeconomic status, age, or stress). Depressive symptoms and other psychosocial factors as predictors of stroke in the elderly. Hummer, R.A., Rogers, R.G., Nam, C.B. The amassed research indicates that higher levels of religious belief and practice (known in social science as " religiosity ") is associated with better mental health. Sephton, S.E., Koopman, C., Schaal, M., Thorensen, C.E. Al-Kandari, Y.Y. (2002). & Davidson, J.M. Other research has looked at Judeo/Christian/Muslim religious practices (in particular, synagogue/church/mosque attendance and/or prayer) and health.Continued on Next Page ». Religious belief impacts human health in a variety of ways, from blood pressure to psychological well-being. They were also less likely to smoke (tobacco or marijuana) or drink heavily.53), The 2001 cycle of the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) showed that fewer children from families who worshiped had been diagnosed with ADHD (5.2%) than children whose families did not worship (7.1%).54) (See Chart ), NHIS also showed that families that worshiped every other week (or more) were less likely to have been told that their child had a learning disability (6.7 percent) than were families that did not worship (10.2 percent).55) (See Chart Below), 1.2 Stress, Self-Esteem, and Coping Skills, 4. Inquiries Journal/Student Pulse [Online], 3. Furthermore, religion can affect policy, a prime example arising in the Philippines, where provision of reproductive health services, including family planning and contraception was hampered by the Catholic Church. It is not intended to provide medical or other professional advice. According to recent statistics published by the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 2011, Hispanics in the United States tend to outlive non-Hispanic whites by almost three years. Koenig, H.G., Cohen, H.J., George, L.K., Hays, J.C., Larson, D.B. Because spirituality/religion influence health through these pathways, they act in an indirect way on health (Oman & Thorensen, 2002). Walton, K.G., Pugh, N.D., Gerderloos, P. & Macrae, P. (1995). Medical Journal of Islamic Academy of Sciences, 13, 35-38. The General Social Survey (GSS) also showed that 35 percent of adults who attended religious services at least monthly and lived in an intact family through adolescence considered themselves very happy, compared to 23 percent of adults who attended religious services less than monthly and lived in a non-intact family as adolescents.12) (See Chart Below), More frequent attendance at religious services predicted less distress among adults13) and high school students,14) even when controlling for for normal sociodemographic predictors.15) For adults, a strong belief in eternal life also predicted less harmful stress from work-related problems.16) African-Americans who were more religious reported a greater sense of control than less religious respondents; this greater sense of control was, in turn, correlated with decreased distress.17) People who were frequently involved in religious activities and highly valued their religious faith were at reduced risk of depression, according to a review of more than 100 studies.18) Those who participated in community religious services had lower levels of depression than those who did not fellowship in a religious community but prayed alone.19) First-graders and kindergartners whose parents attended religious services were less likely to experience anxiety, loneliness, low self-esteem, and sadness.20) Adolescents at one public school in Texas who frequently attended religious services and derived great meaning and purpose from religion in their lives had lower levels of depression than their less religious peers.21), Membership in a religious community can enhance coping skills. spirituality/religion influences health through these pathways, they act in an indirect way on health (Oman & Thorensen, 2002). One study found that people were much more inclined to use positive coping responses when they received spiritual support from fellow church members.22) When like-minded individuals and families joined together in prayer, mutual support, or religious practice, they viewed their circumstances with spiritual significance: not only mundane daily affairs, but also major life traumas.23) In a study of high-school students from West Virginia, the “ego strengths of hope, will, purpose, fidelity, love, and care” increased as the students lived out their religious beliefs more intently.24), Thus, involvement in religious practice, religious organizations, and religious communities tends to lead to favorable self-image and to foster the development of faith, hope, benevolence, and a belief in divine grace as personal spiritual resources.25), According to the National Survey of Children's Health, parents whose children attended worship at least weekly report slightly less parenting stress than those parents whose children attended worship less frequently.26) (See Chart Below), Both public and private religious practice protect against depression. 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