psychology of religion and health

psychology of religion and health

Psychology barely features among the funded projects, perhaps because psychology of religion has such a low public profile in Britain. Dan Merkur in his “Psychology of Religion” in The Routledge Companion to the Study of Religion (ed. Religion, Health, and the Psychology of Religion: How the Research on Religion and Health Helps Us Understand Religion. Thus, although the best evidence suggests a beneficial effect of religiousness on health, there is room for further investigation of this topic and for healthy skepticism about how strong this effect may be. We hope that these papers will provide further impetus for research into the positive psychology of religion … In the best of these studies from a scientific point of view, neither the patient nor the patient’s doctor knows that the patient is being prayed for. Peter C. Hill, PhD, is Professor of Psychology at Biola University’s Rosemead School of Psychology in La Mirada, California. Mental Health, Religion and Culture, 9: 291 – 306. The psychology of religion tries to study religion so far as it can be explained psychologically. [Taylor & Francis Online] , [Google Scholar]) presents a social psychological account of the early development of Christianity. In-text: (Freud, 1961) Your Bibliography: Freud, S., 1961. Religion and Health Disclaimers: 1. In addition, whereas many of the studies produced results suggesting that religiousness is related to better health, the strength of this finding was often weak. New York: Haworth. Dr. Pargament is Editor-in-Chief of the 2013 two-volume APA Handbook of Psychology, Religion, and Spirituality. Levin, J. S. (1994). John T Hinnels) notes that some devotees of religion are not terribly pleased about such attempts as it seems to reduce religion to psychology. This led to burgeoning emphasis on alternative medical treatments, some rooted in religious traditions. Social Science and Medicine, 38, 1475-1484. Journal of Health Psychology 4, 291-300. First, one way that religion affects health is by enforcing adherence to certain behavioral patterns based on religious beliefs. Veronica (2000). He was the 2009 Margaret Gorman early career award winner from the American Psychological Association. These aspects will hopefully be better defined as the research proceeds further. PLAY. This potential demands an increased awareness of religious matters by practitioners in the mental health field as well as ongoing attention in psychiatric research. This increased scientific interest was due to many factors. Several have been proposed. They’re finding that religion may, in fact, be a byproduct of the way our brains work, growing from cognitive tendencies to seek order from chaos, to anthropomorphize our environment and to believe the world around us was created for our use. The "Handbook of Religion and Mental Health" is a resource for mental health professionals, religious professionals and counselors. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 24, 3-13. Religious groups and their customs, beliefs, behaviors, and health became a focus of increased study as a result of this renewed emphasis on the diversity of human societies. Religious involvement, measured by attendance at services and feelings of religiosity, is positively associated with physical health, general happiness, and satisfaction, as well as being inversely related to undesirable social psychological states, such as depression. Psychology knows best the treatment of one addicted to religion. Internet communications are not always secured and therefore the blog management does not accept legal responsibility for any contents. Taking an eclectic approach to the study of human values, health, and emotional welfare, this international interdisciplinary journal publishes original peer-reviewed articles that deal with mental … 3 Altmetric. We hope that these papers will provide further impetus for research into the positive psychology of religion … For example, many religious groups teach abstinence or moderation of alcohol use, abstinence from tobacco, or consumption of a vegetarian diet. He has published extensively on religion, spirituality, and health, and authored The Psychology of Religion and Coping: Theory, Research, Practice and Spiritually Integrated Psychotherapy: Understanding and Addressing the Sacred. This paper provides a concise but comprehensive review of research on religion/spirituality (R/S) and both mental health and physical health. They view the individuals experience in the context of a defined religion as religiousness. The psychology of religion and coping. Guilford Press, 1997.Google Scholar. The views expressed on this blog belong to the authors of the posts only or the authors quoted and the blog management takes no responsibility for the views expressed. This paper discusses some of the implications of this research for the ways in which religion might understood psychologically. Log in. The best conclusion based on the scientific evidence is that religiousness or religious involvement appears to be related to better health and greater length of life. These behaviors have known health effects. James W. Jones 1 Journal of Religion and Health volume 43, pages 317 – 328 (2004)Cite this article. Thus, it is possible, indeed likely, that these results will not stand the test of time nor be consistently found when the studies are repeated. Consequently, what follows is best described as a review pertaining to religiousness and health. Recent conceptual and empirical developments are described, with an emphasis on the cognitive and affective basis of religious experience within personality and social psychology. To the extent that engagement in these behaviors is motivated by religious beliefs, one can claim that religion has an impact on health. Most interpretations of this data focus on the presence of one or more mediating variables. Another way that religiousness may affect health is through social support. As well as the traditional focus on mental health problems, such as depression, anxiety, and schizophrenia, Professor Loewenthal also reviews the recent literature on the positive psychology of religion and happiness. Finally, interest in spirituality may be the result of other factors in modern society such as a sense of social disconnection or alienation, lack of formative religious experiences during youth for many adults, and the fact that life expectancy is longer and therefore people live with chronic diseases for significant lengths of time. What does the relationship between religion and health depend on? Although religion in particular was thought, in the past, to have a predominantly negative influence on health, recent research suggests this relationship is more complex. Finally, not all studies have found the beneficial effects of religion for health, and some of those that have found these effects have only found them on a portion of the characteristics of health studied. 2. Volumes and issues. Currently, there is again resurgence in the popularity of the psychology of religion as questions arise concerning the role that spirituality and religion play not only in mental health but in physical well-being as well. These behaviors have known health effects. The authors examine the positive and negative effects of religion on health throughout the life span, from childhood to old age. Thoresen, C. E. & Harris, A. H. S. (2002). Kenneth Pargament is a professor emeritus of psychology at Bowling Green State University. One of the first sociologists to study religion was Emile Durkheim, who found that distinctions between ideas about the sacred and profane were connected to … The Psychology of Virtue. In fact, the number of scientific studies devoted to religion/spirituality and its relation to health remained at a relatively low annual level until the mid-1990s. The research investigating the influences of spirituality and various Eastern religious practices, such as yoga or various types of meditation, is extensive (Seeman, Fagan-Dubin & Seeman, 2003). He has written two books: “The Psychology of Religion and Coping: Theory, Research, Practice” (1997) … Religious involvement and mortality: A meta-analytic review. Religions provide answers to many of life’s biggest questions, such as why am I here, where am I going, what will happen to me when I die, how should I treat other people, and does my life really have meaning? Many, however, distinguish spirituality from religiousness on the basis of whether a societal institution (e.g., a church) is involved. "Religion … Researchers who study the psychology and neuroscience of religion are helping to explain why such beliefs are so enduring. Again, progressive multivariate adjustments were done for age, gender, demographics, health status, physical functioning, health habits, social functioning and support, and psychological state., religious attendance did protect against mortality and the level of protectiveness grew when social support was involved, as well, showing a complementary trend between the two variables. The uncertainty of day-to-day interactions along with the precarious nature of life and the knowledge of one’s own mortality pose significant challenges to people as they adapt and cope with their circumstances. Four most prominent such pathways have been proposed: health behaviors (through prescribing a certain diet and/or discouraging the abuse of alcoholic beverages, smoking, etc., religion can protect and promote a healthy lifestyle), social support (people can experience social contact with co-religionists and have a web of social relations that can help and protect whenever the case), … For instance, people who believe that the end of the world is imminent might be more likely to withdraw from society. To a psychology expert may account for the ways in which religion understood... Almost all of the studies of religiousness have similarly produced insubstantial findings a buffer for these and. How the research proceeds further, what mechanisms may account for the relationship between religion spirituality... Some Christians believed that good health was a punishment for sin ( 2 ) books! 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